In recent years, taking into consideration advances in the treatment of adverse reactions to anticancer drugs and improvements in the QOL of patients, outpatient chemotherapy has increased. There are patients who receive anticancer drugs on an outpatient basis, and then return home as well as patients who have continuous injections of anticancer drugs in their homes.
Because exposure prevention measures are necessary for 48 hours after administration of anticancer drugs, the patient and the patient’s family must understand the necessity of exposure prevention. The nurse has an obligation to explain in an easy to understand way with adequate care, without giving the patient or the family a sense of fear or alienation. In order to do so, it is recommended that instruction guidelines be created and that instructions are provided. An example of the content of the guidelines is shown below.